Many people with stress incontinence are able to go about daily life symptom-free until something triggers it. Triggers may include coughing, sneezing, laughing too hard, jumping, running, or lifting heavy objects. Some people experience leaking when standing up from a seated position.
The good news is that many of these triggers are predictable, so preventative measures can be taken to prevent urine from escaping when it shouldn’t. For example, if you feel a cough or sneeze coming on, you can try tightening your pelvic floor muscles before and during the cough or sneeze to prevent leakage of urine. The same strategy can be used before lifting something heavy. For many people, this alone is enough to prevent problems.
To figure out how to control your pelvic floor muscles, try stopping the flow of urine the next time you use the restroom. If you’re successful at stopping it, you’ve found the right muscles.
And since they’re a muscle like any other, they can be strengthened with exercise — in fact, this is one of the most important ways to treat this condition. Your health care provider can tell you how often is best for your personal situation. They can also assist you in locating the right muscles more easily via biofeedback exercises.